题目:Unit 4 Dealing with AIDS——曲雯

时间:2018-08-31 | 来源:本单位 

     题目:Unit 4 Dealing with AIDS——曲雯 

 

 

Unit 4 Dealing with AIDS

Ⅰ. Background Information

Students: English majors, freshmen

Lesson Duration: 6 class hours (Text I: 4 class hours, Text II: 2 class hours)

Ⅱ.Teaching Objectives

By the end of the lesson, students should achieve the following objectives:

1. Knowledge Objectives:

l to grasp all the important words in text I and text II

l to grasp the text structure and difficult sentences

2. Ability Objectives:

l Oral Ability: to talk about one’s attitudes to people suffering from AIDS and about how they will get on with the AIDS patients.

l WritingAbility: to write a composition about what they can do to help AIDS patients

3. Strategy Objectives:

paraphrasing, translation, text structure analysis, summarizing

4. Moral Objectives:

   The students are supposed to know the causes of AIDS, the ways AIDS is spread and the proper attitude to AIDS patients.

Ⅲ.Teaching Contents

Text I: Dealing with AIDS

Text II: AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)

Type of the lesson: intensive reading

Ⅳ.Key and Difficult Points

1. Key Points:

l Vocabulary, phrases and sentence patterns of the two texts

2. Difficult Points:

l any, each, all, every and their compounds

   Countable and uncountable nouns

   prepositions

Ⅴ.Teaching Approach

Task-Based Language Teaching Approach

Ⅵ.Learning Strategies

l Reading for the main idea and specific information

l paraphrasing, translation, text structure analysis, summarizing

Ⅶ.Teaching Aids

whiteboard, whiteboard pen

Ⅷ. Teaching Procedures

Step1 Pre-reading Activities

1. Warming -up

1. Do you know the date of AIDS Day? Do you know the significance of AIDS Day?

2. What are the three major causes of AIDS?

AIDS:Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

AIDS, a very serious illness which spreads very fast today, had been one of the most horrible killers of human beings. AIDS is caused by HIV virus. Now in the world there is no useful medicine that can cure AIDS, but it spreads only in limited ways. AIDS spread in three basic ways: first, through sexual intercourse; second, through contact with diseased blood; and third from an HIV mother to baby. And people who are intravenous drug users may infect HIV virus too.

The actual patterns of spreading of the AIDS virus change from culture. People should do something to solve the problem and prevent the spreading of AIDS in the world. People can do something in these ways: first, a program should be established to educate citizens about AIDS, letting people know what causes it and how it spreads, so that people can know it clearly and prevent it easily, instead of being afraid of it; second, increase scientific technology to fight against AIDS; third, make healthy and civilized social environment, so there will be less sexual intercourse actions, and less drug users.

Step2 While-reading Activities

Text Structure

Part I (1)

Main idea

This paragraph gives the instructive message of the story, and makes clear the specific date when AIDS became known to the writer.

Part II (2-4)

Main idea

This part provides an account of how the writer came to know the fact that his friend was suffering from AIDS, how he felt, what attitude he adopted, and how others responded to it.

Part III (5-7)

Main idea

    This part tells us that the writer maintained an active and positive attitude towards his friend.

Part IV (8)

Main idea

This paragraph mentions the specific date that marked the end of David’s life, describes the writer’s feelings towards David’s death, and tells us how the writer keeps his friend’s memory alive.

Language work 

1. strengthen  vt.  to make something stronger or more effective, or to become stronger or more effective

The wind strengthened during the night.

夜里风刮得更大了。

They have been strengthening their border defense in preparation for war.

他们已加强了边界的防守,作好了战争的准备。

His battle against cancer has strengthened his belief in God.

The accident strengthens the case for better safety measures at fairgrounds.

2. bond  n.

1) a close connection joining two or more people

Common tastes form a bond between the two men.

共同的爱好使两人结为朋友。

In societies with strong family bonds (= relationships), people tend to live longer.

2) an official paper given by the government or a company to show that you have lent them money that they will pay back to you at an interest rate that does not change

I invested some money in savings bonds.

We entered into a solemn bond.

我们缔结了一份正式合约。

3. mature  adj.

1) Mature people behave like adults in a way that shows they are well developed emotionally.

Oh, grow up! Behave in a more mature way.

噢,别那么不懂事了(表现得成熟些吧)!

He’s very mature for his age.

2) A mature decision is one which is made after a lot of careful thought.

Upon mature reflection, we find the accused guilty.

4. carefree  adj.

having no problems or not being worried about anything

The music of this song sent her carefree and joyous.

这支歌的乐曲使她心旷神怡。

I remember my carefree student days.

5. invincible  adj.

impossible to defeat or prevent from doing what is intended

Our manager has an invincible will.

我们的经理有着坚强的意志。

We have an invincible army.

我们有一支不可战胜的军队。

6. hang out

to spend a lot of time in a place or with someone

They normally hang out in the pub.

他们经常在酒吧里鬼混。

Where have you been hanging out these days?

你这些日子里都在什么地方?

She used to hang out with her good friends in the woods.

7. confront  vt.

to face, meet or deal with a difficult situation or person

A soldier often has to confront dangers.

士兵常常要身临险境。

They confronted the prisoner with his accusers.

他们让犯人与原告对质。

8. encounter: (formal) to meet someone unexpectedly; to meet a difficulty or setback

On their way home they encountered a woman selling flowers.

One rainy night the policeman had a chance encounter with a gang of smugglers.

在一个雨夜,那个警察正巧碰上了一伙走私犯。

9. break down

1) to be unable to control your feelings and to start to cry

He broke down and wept when he heard the news.

他听到这个消息时不禁痛哭起来。

2) If a machine or vehicle breaks down, it stops working.

The telephone system has broken down.

电话系统失灵了.

3) to collapse, fail to function or operate

Our air-conditioner broke down on the hottest day of this year.

我们的空调在今年最热的那天坏了。

10. affect  vt.

to have an influence on someone or something, or to cause them to change

Both buildings were badly affected by the fire.

The divorce affected every aspect of her life.

It’s a disease which affects mainly older people.

The climate affected his health.

气候影响了他的健康。

He was much affected by the sad news.

这个悲惨的消息使他非常难过。

11. handle  vt.

to deal with, have responsibility for, or be in charge of

He’s not a very good teacher — he doesn’t know how to handle children.

他不是一个好的老师 —— 他不懂得如何对待孩子。

An officer must know how to handle his men.

当军官的应懂得怎样统率士兵。

I thought he handled the situation very well.

Some people are brilliant with computers, but have no idea how to handle (= behave with) other people.

12. keep up 

to be able to understand or deal with something that is happening or changing very fast

I read the papers to keep up with what’s happening in the outside world.

I think it’s difficult to keep up with the recent development.

13. stick it out

to continue to the end of a difficult or unpleasant situation

He hates the job but he’s determined to stick it out because he needs the money.

他讨厌那工作——但因为需要钱,只好横下心来干下去。

I know things are difficult at the moment, but if we just stick it out, I’m sure everything will be OK in the end.

14. blame vt.

to say or think that someone or something did something wrong or is responsible for something bad happening

The driver was not to blame for the accident.

这次事故不能怪司机。

blame sb. for sth./ doing sth.: find fault with; censure 指责

blame sth. on sb.: place responsibility for sth. 把…… 归咎于……

15. for one’s sake / for the sake of

in order to help or bring advantage to someone

Don’t inconvenience yourself for my sake.

请不必为我麻烦。

Please do it, for David’s sake.

Their parents only stayed together for the sake of the children.

16. stress n. 

1) great worry caused by a difficult situation, or something which causes this condition

People under a lot of stress may experience headaches, minor pains and sleeping difficulties.

I can’t bear the stresses and strains of modern life.

我不能忍受现代生活的压力和紧张。

2) emphasis

During his speech, he laid particular stress on the freedom of the press.

在他的发言中他特别强调了新闻媒体的自由.

17. do sb. good

to benefit sb.

Exercise will do you good.

运动对你会有好处的。

Eat more fruit — it will do you good.

多吃水果,这对你有好处。

A week’s vacation will do you a lot of good.

休假一周对你有很多益处。

18. bedridden  adj.

confined to bed (by illness

I have to stay where I am. From now on I’m bedridden. I’m under doctor’s orders.

我要留在这里,从现在开始我要遵循医嘱卧床休息。

19. keep sth. in

to conceal or hide an emotion; to restrain sth.

He could scarcely keep his indignation in.

他愤怒得难以自持。

Hearing the news that she had been admitted by the university, she could hardly keep her excitement in.

20. maintain  vt.

to continue to have; to keep in existence, or not allow to become less

The army has been brought in to maintain order in the region.

Mankind have been trying every means to maintain the balance of nature.

人类采用一切手段保持生态平衡。

Anna and Mary maintained their friendship for many years.

21. deal with

to take action in order to achieve something or in order to solve a problem

How do you intend to deal with this problem?

I think we should work out a strategy to deal with this situation.

我想我们应该制订出一项行动计划,来应对这种情况

22. in a way

to a certain extent, but not entirely; in a sense

The article is well written in a way.

从某种程度上来说,这篇文章写得不错。

23. hold in

to conceal; to hold back; to keep from being perceived by others

Shannon became quiet, holding in her hurt and resentment.

香农安静了下来,压抑着自己的伤心和怨恨。

I felt an irresistible desire to hold in my own for a moment the hand Jeffrey Aspern had pressed  

我感到一种抑制不住的欲望,想亲手握一下杰弗里·阿斯彭曾紧握过的手。

24. grateful  adj.

showing or expressing thanks, especially to another person

This is Teachers’ Day and a time to be grateful to all teachers. This profession deserves the special recognition and respect.  

时逢教师节,是向所有教师表达谢意的日子。这个职业值得受到特别的重视和尊重。

I am grateful for all your past kindness  

承蒙关照,万分感激。

25. keep sth. alive

to cause sth. to remain living; to make sth. continue to exist

After years of sophistication, she still kept the old memory of her childhood alive.

在经历了多年的坎坷后,她对孩提时的时光仍然记忆犹新。

Many local traditions are still kept alive in the place.

Step 3 Post-reading Activities

 After-Class Assignments

Vocabulary Exercise: II, III, VI

Grammar: I, II, III, IV

Translation: I

Reflections:

Part

Para.s

Main Idea

1

1

the instructive message of the story.

2

2-4

an account of how the writer came to know the fact that his friend was suffering from AIDS.

3

5-7

the writer maintained an active and positive attitude towards his friend.

4

8

the specific date that marked the end of David’s life, the writer’s feelings towards David’s death.

Blackboard Design:

I. Warm-up Discussion

  video    questions    the author

II. Global Reading                   

 

     1. three elements

     who, what, why

     2. text structure

     3. difficult sentences

III. Detailed Reading

     words

     paraphrase

     translate

IV. Writing Skills

 


版权所有:甘肃省教育厅 制作维护:甘肃省电化教育中心
地址:兰州市南滨河东路571号教育大厦 联系电话:0931-8826049
陇ICP备17003689号-1 网站标识码:6200000068